> 外语学习 > 英语被动语态

英语被动语态

操作方法

01、

主动语态与被动语态的区别:主语是动作的发出者为主动语态例:He killed her(他杀了她)主语是动作的接受者为被动语态例:She was killed by him(她被他杀了)被动语态的形成在16种时态中,有几种时态没有或无法形成被动语态,因此现代英语中常用的被动语态只有10种,如下图:

英语被动语态 02、

分别举例说明:一般时的被动语态一般现在时的被动语态:主语 + be/is/sre + p.p(动词的过去分词,下同)例:He is lovedby everyone.(他受到大家的爱戴)例:I am askedto study hard.(我被要求努力学习)一般过去时的被动语态:主语 + was + P.P例:The book was written by him.(这本书是他写的)例:He was seen dancing yesterday.(他昨天跳舞被看到了)一般将来时的被动语态:主语 + will be +P.P例:The naughty boy will be punished by his mother.(这个顽皮的男孩会被他妈妈惩罚)例:He will be elected president next year.(下一年他将会被选为主席)一般过去将来时的被动语态:主语 + would be + P.P例:He said he would be dispatched to Syria.(他说他会被派遣到叙利亚)

03、

进行时的被动语态现在进行时的被动语态:主语 + be/is/are being + P.P例:Prisoners are being judged.(犯人正在被审判)例:My bike is being repaired. (我的自行车正在修理当中)过去进行时的被动语态:主语 + was/were being + P.P例:The stadium was being built that time.(那时体育场正在建设当中)

04、

完成时的被动语态现在完成时的被动语态:主语 + have/has been + P.P例:This book has been translated into many languages.(这本书被翻译成很多语言)过去完成时的被动语态:主语 + had been + P.P例:The hostages had been released when police arrived(警察到时人质已经被释放了)将来完成时的被动语态:主语 + will + have been + P.P例:He will have been judged by the time you arrived.

05、

过去将来完成时的被动语态:主语 + would have been + P.P例:I said that some delicious sandwiches would have been made by the time we got back.(我说了我们回来时美味的三明治已经做好了)注意:① 带有助动词的句子转化为被动语态时,这些助动词或情态动词要根据新主语做相应的变化,例:主动:We shall not use the washing machine again.被动:The washing machine will not be used again.(洗衣机不能再用了)② 带有双宾语的授予动词,其被动语态有两种,当直接宾语作为主语时,间接宾语前面加上相应的介词(to/for/of/on)。例:I gave him a book. (主动)He was given a book by me. (被动)A book was given to him by me.(被动)(我给了他一本书)

06、

那么什么情况下使用被动语态呢?

英语被动语态 End

英语被动语态:等您坐沙发呢!

发表评论

表情
还能输入210个字